Day in the Life of Nurse Practitioner (NP) Professionals
Advanced practice nurses such as NPs can choose to focus on specific populations or conditions. This section explores what to expect from various subfields of the discipline. Each piece details first-hand knowledge of the working environment, clinical and non-clinical teams, daily responsibilities, required skills and knowledge, and certifications within each specialization or subspecialization.
Nurse practitioners (NPs) and other advanced practice providers play an increasingly important role in the American healthcare system. These are expertly trained health professionals capable of providing high-quality, cost-effective care to an aging population with varied needs. NPs deal in far more than just primary care: since the NP role was established in 1965, it’s grown to include a number of specializations, including gastroenterology.
Dermatology nurse practitioners (NPs) evaluate, diagnose, and treat issues related to the skin, hair, and nails. They can work in dermatology clinics, academic settings, and specialty clinics.
Psychiatric-mental health NPs are trained to provide a wide range of mental health services in various settings. They assess and diagnose patients, prescribe medications, and collaborate with other medical and non-medical professionals in providing care. Throughout, they apply the holistic approach that’s characteristic of all NPs and which is particularly valuable in psychiatry and mental health.
Working in locum tenens can prevent burn-out. The NP has control over their schedule and is able to avoid bureaucratic challenges at the workplace since they are only there for a limited period of time. It enables providers to have a better work-life balance.
Cardiac nurse practitioners (NPs) specialize in the treatment of the cardiovascular system. In collaboration with physicians, nurses, and other health professionals, they provide comprehensive care to patients with acute and chronic cardiac conditions.
Palliative care is a medical specialty focused on improving the quality of life for patients facing serious illnesses and the side effects of their treatment; hospice care focuses on the palliation of terminally ill patients towards the end of their life. Both are of critical importance.
Forensic nurse practitioners (NPs) combine the nursing, forensic, and legal sciences to bring safety, medical treatment, and justice to their patients. Within a specialized practice setting, they apply a core forensic nursing education that informs a holistic, patient-centered, trauma-aware approach to the traditional NP role.
PNPs and pediatric-focused advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) offer low-cost, high-quality care to children from birth to the transition to adult care. Over the last six decades, they’ve become an essential component of the healthcare workforce, providing a wide spectrum of healthcare services in primary, hospital, outpatient, and specialty care settings.
Even in non-pandemic conditions, emergency departments (EDs) in the United States receive nearly 150 million visits per year. Emergency nurse practitioners (ENPs) are a key part of the interdisciplinary care team that quickly assesses, diagnoses, and treats the patients who make those ED visits.
Women in the US are significantly more likely to die from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth than in other rich, developed nations. According to data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), maternal mortality rates in America are twice as high as they are in Canada and France, and ten times higher than they are in New Zealand and Norway. The majority of these deaths occur after childbirth and are largely preventable.